Welcome to the Decision Wizard!
Please allow ample time to read and understand each question before attempting to answer it. Please contact the Office of Export Controls for assistance.
The United States Department of Treasury imposes sanctions against countries that are administered by its Office of Foreign Assets Control. Interaction with these countries can be severely restricted. Providing a “service of value” can include activities such as co-authorship of papers and presenting otherwise published materials to individuals or organizations in sanctioned countries.
Similarly, the U.S. Department of Commerce can place embargoes on countries. Exporting items, information and software to these embargoed destinations without proper authorization can result in a violation of export control regulations.
Currently, the list of countries subject to these special controls is (countries subject to the most comprehensive controls are notated with an asterisk (*):
-Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
-Democratic Republic of the Congo
Export control laws regulate the provision of “defense services”, which involves the provision of military training to foreign units or forces. Military training conducted by any of the following methods can be considered provision of "defense services": formal and informal instruction of foreign persons in the United States or abroad, by correspondence courses, technical, educational, or information publications and media of all kinds, of any training aid, orientation, training exercises and/or military advice.
A “defense article” is any item designated on the United States Munitions List (USML) or the Missile Technology Control Regime Annex. Other items, including software and technical data, that were designed, developed, configured, adapted, or modified for military or intelligence applications can also be considered defense articles. Classified articles and technical data are also considered “defense articles”.
Examples of defense articles from the USML include:
•Spacecraft, including the following types of satellites: communications, remote sensing, scientific, research, navigation, and experimental or multi-mission.
•Aircraft (including helicopters, non-expansive balloons, and drones) specifically designed, modified or equipped for military purposes.
•Radar systems specifically designed, modified, adapted, or configured for military applications.
•Vehicles specially designed or modified to accommodate mountings for arms or other specialized military equipment.
•Protective personnel equipment (body armor, helmets, goggles designed to protect against lasers, etc.).
•Chemical agents (nerve agents, vesicant agents, Lewisites, etc.) and chemical agent precursors.
•Biological agents developed, configured, adapted or modified for the purpose of increasing their capability to produce casualties in humans or livestock, or to degrade equipment or damage crops.
•Equipment for the detection, warning, processing, decontamination, and/or remediation, of chemical and biological agents.
All U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in activities that would directly or indirectly support the proliferation of nuclear explosive devices, chemical or biological weapons, and/or missiles unless authorization has been given by the appropriate regulatory agencies.
'Missile' defined by (EAR): Rocket systems (including ballistic missile systems, space launch vehicles, and sounding rockets) and unmanned air vehicles systems (including cruise missile systems, target drones, and reconnaissance drones) capable of delivering at least 500 kilograms payload to a range of at least 300 meters.
Hand carrying University-owned equipment outside of the U.S. may require an export license. Similarly, shipping equipment or materials to any other country may also require an export license.
With the exception of encryption technology and software, publicly available technology and software is not subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
Technologies that are considered publicly available include the following:
•Technology which arises during or as a result of fundamental research. Fundamental research is basic and applied research in science and engineering where the resulting information is ordinarily published and shared broadly within the scientific community.
•Technology that is used as educational information. Educational information is any information released by instruction in catalog courses and associated teaching laboratories of academic institutions.
•Technology that is already published or that will be published.
Publicly available software must be free or available to for an amount that does not exceed the cost of reproduction and distribution. It must also be generally distributed, meaning anyone should be allowed to access it at any time for any length of time.
Encryption technology and software can be controlled even if it’s otherwise publicly available. If you are disclosing, shipping, transmitting or transferring encryption technology or software, please contact the University’s Export Control Officer.
Several agencies within the federal government compile lists that identify individuals and entities that should be “of concern” if they are involved in an export-related transaction. Sharing items, information, and software with a “party of concern” can result in an export control violation.
As a general rule, you should always know who you’re interacting with and who they are working for. Interacting with an employee of an organization on one of these lists is treated as interacting with the organization itself.
Names of individuals and organizations involved in export-related transactions should be checked against lists provided by the Departments of Commerce by placing the following address in your web browser:
You may also contact the University’s Export Control Officer, and the lists will be checked for you.
-Different destinations can be subject to different export control regulations
-Different commodities, technology, and software have different export control license requirements. Some are controlled more tightly than others. If you ever need to send commodities, technology, or software to any other country, contact the Office of Export Controls